1 Laboratoire VEAC, Faculté des Sciences, Univ. Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, Orsay, France, 2 Pôle Risques MRSH-CNRS, Université de Caen, Caen, France, 3 CRIIGEN, Paris, France, 4 Fondation Sciences Citoyennes, Paris, France
- In the current context of research and innovation that are increasingly driven by short-term indus- trial interests, science and technology require thorough social, political, ethical, and legal changes leading to better democratic control. A huge gap has opened between citizens and scientists, with the latter sometimes inspiring more mistrust than trust. Major health and environmental scandals of past years (for example, asbestos, Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy, PCBs, and nuclear disasters) may be related to this situation.